Educational Resources for Sagebrush Landscapes

Ecology of Sagebrush Systems


Sagebrush Ecosystems

The Great Basin

Pinyon and Juniper Woodlands

Cheatgrass Invasion

Wildlife in Sagebrush Ecosystems


Wild and Prescribed Fire

Sociopolitical and Economics

Data Analysis



Bibliography: Cheatgrass Invasion

Blumenthal et al. 2006. Long-term effects of tebuthiuron on Bromus tectorum. Western North American Naturalist 66:420-425. Available here.

Bradley, B.A., R.A. Houghton, J.F. Mustard and S.P. Hamburg. 2006. Invasive grass reduces aboveground carbon stocks in shrublands of the Western US. Global Change Biology 12: 1815-1822. Available here.

Bradley, B.A. 2009. Regional analysis of the impacts of climate change on cheatgrass invasion shows potential risk and opportunity. Global Change Biology 15: 196-208. Available here.

Bradley, B.A. and J.F. Mustard. 2004. Identifying land cover variability distinct from land cover change: Cheatgrass in the Great Basin. Remote Sensing of Environment 94(2): 204-213. Available here.

Bradley, B.A. and J.F. Mustard. 2006. Characterizing the landscape dynamics of an invasive plant and risk of invasion using remote sensing. Ecological Applications 16(3): 1132-1147. Available here.

Bradley, B.A., M. Oppenheimer, D.S. Wilcove. 2009. Climate change and plant invasions: restoration opportunities ahead? Global Change Biology 15: 1511-1521. Available here.

Bradley, B.A. and D.S. Wilcove, 2009. When Invasive Plants Disappear: Transformative Restoration Possibilities in the Western United States Resulting from Climate Change. Restoration Ecology 17(5):715-721. Available here.

Cavaleri, M.A. and L. Sack. 2010. Comparative water use of native and invasive plants at multiple scales: a global meta-analysis. Ecology 91(9): 2705-2715. Available here.

Chambers, J.C., B.A. Roundy, R.R. Blank, S.E. Meyer, and A Whittaker. 2007. What makes Great Basin Sagebrush ecosystems invasible by Bromus tectorum? Ecological Monographs 77(1):117-145. Available here.

Cox, R.D. and V.J. Anderson. 2004. Increasing native diversity of cheatgrass-dominated rangeland through assisted succession. Journal of Range Management 57(2)203-210. Available here.

Davies, K.W. 2011. Plant community diversity and native plant abundance decline with increasing abundance of an exotic annual grass. Oecologia 167:481-491. Available here.

Davies, K.W. and D.D. Johnson. 2011. Are We "Missing the Boat" on Preventing the Spread of Invasive Plants in Rangelands? Invasive Plant Science and Management 4:166-171. Available here.

Davies, K.W., T.J. Svejcar and J.D. Bates. 2009. Interaction of historical and nonhistorical disturbances maintains native plant communities. Ecological Applications 19(6):1536-1545. Available here.

Evans, R.A. and J.A. Young. 1977. Weed control-revegetation systems for big sagebrush-downy brome rangelands. Journal of Range Management 30(5):331-336. Available here.

James, J.J., L. Ziegenhagen and Z.T. Aanderud. 2010. Exploitation of Nutrient-Rich Soil Patches by Invasive Annual and Native Perennial Grasses. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3:169-177. Available here.

Johnson, B.G., D.W. Johnson, J.C. Chambers and R.R. Blank. 2011. Fire effects on the mobilization and uptake of nitrogen by cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.). Plant Soil 341:437-445. Available here.

Link, S.O., C.W. Keeler, R.W. Hill, and E. Hagen. 2006. Bromus tectorum cover mapping and fire risk. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15(1):113-119. Available here.

Mazzola, M.B., J.C. Chambers, R.R. Blank, D.A. Pyke, E.W. Schupp, K.G. Allcock, P.S. Doescher and R.S. Nowak. 2010. Effects of resource availability and propagule supply on native species recruitment in sagebrush ecosystems invaded by Bromus tectorum. Biological Invasions 13:513-526. Available here.

Melgoza, G. and R.S. Nowak. 1991. Competition between cheatgrass and two native species after fire: implications from observations and measurements of root distribution. Journal of Range Management 44(1):27-33. Available here.

Menakis, J.P., D. Osborne, and M. Miller. 2003. Mapping the cheatgrass-caused departure from historical natural fire regimes in the Great Basin, USA. USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-29. Available here.

Morris, C. and E.W. Schupp. 2009. Comparison of Emergence Speed and Sterility in Two Sterile Annual Hybrid Cereal Grasses Developed for Use in Restoration. Restoration Ecology 17(5):678-684. Available here.

Pellant, M. 1994. History and applications of the Intermountain greenstripping program. INT-GTR-313, p. 63-68. USDA Forest Service Intermountain Research Station. Available here.

Pyke, D.A. and S.T. Knick. 2003. Plant Invaders, Global Change and Landscape Restoration. Pages 278-288 in Allsopp, N., A.R. Palmer, S.J. Milton, K.P. Kirkman, G.I.H. Kerley, C.R. Hurt, C.J. Brown, Editors. Proceedings: VIIs International Rangelands Congress, July 26-August 1, 2003, Durban, South Africa.

Reisner, M. 2010. Drivers of community dynamics in sagebrush steppe ecosystems: cattle grazing, heat, and water stress. Ph.D. Dissertation,Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Available here.

Rew, L.J. and M.P. Johnson. 2010. Reviewing the Role of Wildfire on the Occurrence and Spread of Invasive Plant Species in Wildland Areas of the Intermountain Western United States. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3(4):347-364. Available here.

Rinella, M.J. and J.J. James. 2010. Invasive Plant Researchers Should Calculate Effect Sizes, Not P-Values. Invasive Plant Science and Management 3:106-112. Available here.

Rinella, M.J., B.D. Maxwell, P.K. Fay, T. Weaver and R.L. Sheley. 2009. Control effort exacerbates invasive-species problem. Ecological Applications 19(1): 155-162. Available here.

Roundy, B.A., Hardegree, S.P., Chambers, J.C., and Whittaker, A. 2007. Prediction of cheatgrass field germination potential using wet thermal accumulation. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60(6): 613–623. Available here.

Rowe, H.I., C.S. Brown and M.W. Paschke. 2009. The Influence of Soil Inoculum and Nitrogen Availability on Restoration of High-Elevation Steppe Communities Invaded by Bromus tectorum. Restoration Ecology 17(5):686-694. Available here.

Sheley, R., J. James, B. Smith and E. Vasquez. 2010. Applying Ecologically Based Invasive-Plant Management. Rangeland Ecology and Management 63:605-613. Available here.

Vasquez, E.A., J.J. James, T.A. Monaco and D.C. Cummings. 2010. Invasive Plants on Rangelands: A Global Threat. Rangelands February 2010, pp. 3-5. Available here.

Vasquez, E., R. Sheley and T. Svejcar. 2008. Creating Invasion Resistant Soils via Nitrogen Management. Invasive Plant Science and Management 2008(3):304-314. Available here.

Vasquez, E., R. Sheley and T. Svejcar. 2008. Nitrogen Enhances the Competitive Ability of Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Relative to Native Grass. Invasive Plant Science and Management 2008(1):287-295. Available here.

Yensen, D.L. 1981. The 1900 invasion of alien plants into southern Idaho. Great Basin Naturalist 41:176-183. Available here.

Young, J.A. and B.A. Sparks. 1985. Cattle in the cold desert. Utah State University Press, Logan, Utah.

Young, J.A. and F.L. Allen. 1997. Cheatgrass and range science: 1930-1950. Journal of Range Management 50(5):530-535. Available here.

Ypsilantis, W.G. 2003. Risk of Cheatgrass Invasion After Fire in Selected Sagebrush Community Types. Bureau of Land Management Resource Notes No. 63. Available here.

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